Brandy is a class of spirits that is distilled from grape wine,
the pomace left over from winemaking, or the fermented
juice from other fruits. Most grape brandies are aged in oak,
while the fruit and pomace brandies are unaged and clear.
Gin is a flavored spirit, obtained by redistilling a high-proof
spirit primarily in the presence of juniper berries and other
flavoring agents. There is no single way that gin must
be producedand a variety of styles exist depending
on distillation techniques.
Liqueurs, also known as cordials, are flavored
spirits containing no less than 2.5% sugar by
weight and prepared by mixing or redistilling
any type of spirit with fruit, plants, or other
Rum is a spirit distilled from a fermented
mash of sugarcane juice or molasses. It is
often aged in woodbarrels, but this is not
a requirement. Rums can be made into a
variety of colors and styles.
Tequila is a spirit produced from the blue agave
plant and comes in a wide variety of styles and
flavor profiles. Unlike other major spirit
categories, tequila can only be made in a few
designated areas in Mexico.
Vodka is a clear, unaged spirit that is often
considered to be completely neutral – without
distinct characteristics, flavor, color, or aroma.
Source ingredients can range from grains such
as rye and wheat, to potatoes, grapes, and sugarcane.
Whiskey is a spirit made from a fermented mash
of grain, distilled under 190 poof and stored in oak
barrels before bottling at no less than 80 proof or 40%
abv. (alcohol by volume). Whiskey must be made
exclusively from grains, either as a single grain or a blend.